What is curriculum?
Curriculum refers to the means and materials with which students will interact for the purpose of achieving particular educational outcomes. An ESL curriculum, therefore, includes all the theoretical considerations, topical content, material, activities, strategies and modalities that enables non English speaking students to achieve particular levels of proficiency in oral and written communication in English.
Academic Development Department of Linguatutor was tasked in designing comprehensive curricula for ESL training of its diverse age/stage client base. We started our task with dividing our client base into the following cohorts:
children from 3 to 5 years old
children from 6 to 11 years old most of whom attend primary schools
students from 12 to 17 years old most of whom attend junior and/or senior high school
All clients who are 18+ years old
We then went ahead to select the best available text books and complementary material as the bases of our chosen curriculum for that age group. In order to arrive at this choice, we followed the following steps:
We researched into standards of English proficiency for ESL speakers for each age group according to the requirement set by either British or American educational authorities.
We did a market research of the popular material available and frequently used by different language institutes or agencies.
We prepared a Comparative Matrix based on the content, order of presentation of new language point or knowledge, presentation of language points, accompanied skills, age appropriateness of material, overall design, visual appeal of the material and the complementary teacher’s guide and other audio-visual accompaniments.
Based on our comparative matrix we selected the text book that had the highest number of positive attributes as our recommended text.
Following selection of the recommended text as the appropriate curriculum for particular age group we designed or selected appropriate placement tests so as to accurately place all candidates in appropriate level of English language competency and suggest the appropriate level.
For each level of our program for each age group, we created a list of topics and language points that are taught as well as a list of communicative skills and demonstrable (measurable) English language proficiencies that would be the expected outcome of studying corresponding course material.